Allergology and immunology
The medical specialties of allergy and immunology are complementary. Allergy is concerned with all the manifestations of allergies, while immunology deals with diseases due to changes in the immune system.
The specialty of allergy treats diseases such as:
- skin diseases, for example eczema or atopic dermatitis (a specific form of eczema),
- seasonal rhinitis (hay fever) or chronic rhinitis,
- seasonal or chronic allergic asthma and exercise-induced/exertional asthma
- drug intolerance and
- food-related allergic reactions.
Allergy specialists make their diagnosis on the basis of blood or skin tests. An individual treatment can be established with the aid of these test results. This involves either symptomatic or preventive (desensitization) treatment. In addition, the test results serve as a basis for counselling individual patients on matters relating to protection against allergens and avoiding these substances.
Immunologists deal with disorders of the immune system and in particular immunodeficiencies (antibody deficiency diseases), autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis), inflammatory autoimmune diseases and pseudotumours. In most cases, a blood test is performed; in individual cases, further investigations are ordered to make a diagnosis and define the treatment.
Clinic with this speciality