Cardiology is concerned with the heart and blood vessels and their diseases. Cardiologists primarily evaluate the functions of the heart (heart beat), the shape and size of the heart chambers, the integrity of the heart valves and the permeability of the arteries and veins.

The frequently diagnosed cardiological diseases include:

  • atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries by deposits of fats, carbohydrates, blood and calcium) and the associated complications (angina, myocardial infarction)
  • diseases of the heart valves (e.g. aortic or mitral valve incompetence, stenosis (narrowing) of the aortic or mitral valves)
  • heart rhythm disorders
  • stimulus conduction disorders
  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • thrombotic diseases of the vessels