Further information on diagnosis, therapy and treatment options:
The term visual disturbance refers to pathological changes in optical perception. These include reduced visual acuity, restricted field of vision, eye twitching, and ‘double vision’.
There are numerous triggers of these kinds of visual disturbance such as eye diseases, neurological disorders or tumours.
But what are the symptoms of a visual disturbance?
There are many causes of visual disturbances. However, a distinction must be made between more harmless and more severe, more serious causes. The key causes of visual disturbances include:
Visual disturbances are diagnosed by an ophthalmologist. He or she will first of all ask you about your medical history in detail (case history). He or she will then ask you a wide range of questions to find out when the visual disturbances occur, how they manifest themselves (e.g. through eye twitching or double vision) and whether you have any other complaints (e.g. eye pain, headaches, nausea). The ophthalmologist will then carry out various examinations to uncover the cause of your visual disturbance and then be able to treat it accordingly:
If the underlying cause(s) of a visual disturbance are successfully treated, these conditions can usually be successfully remedied.
If, on the other hand, inflammation is responsible for your visual disturbances, then the appropriate medication will usually help to alleviate the relevant inflammation effectively and permanently.
If you suffer from increased intraocular pressure (i.e. glaucoma), your ophthalmologist will first prescribe medication for you to prevent or delay further damage to the optic nerve and therefore the increasing severity of the visual disturbances. Sometimes, however, a surgical procedure is required.
And in the case of a cataract, surgery is usually also carried out.
It is important that you regularly have all the necessary check-ups carried out by your ophthalmologist. This is the only way to ensure that your eyes are properly healthy.
The frequency and duration of the check-ups, or the time interval between the individual examinations, depend, of course, on the condition that is causing your visual disturbance, and also on its severity.
It is therefore essential that you coordinate your further, individual treatment plan with the ophthalmologist treating you.
Foods that are good for your eyes include peppers, carrots, beetroot, broccoli, citrus fruits and green vegetables such as lamb’s lettuce, spinach, peas and kale. Overall, a balanced diet is the determining factor for your health.
UV rays cause lasting damage to the retina and the eye lens, which is why wearing sunglasses with sufficient UV protection is an absolute must in excessive sunlight.