Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system. It causes the immune system to attack the myelin sheath, the protective coating around nerve fibres, which allows signals to transmit quickly.
MS leads to impaired function, in some cases with acute “flare-ups”. The disease progresses in proportion to the rate of new lesions in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
There is no specific cause that triggers multiple sclerosis. It is assumed that the combination of various factors leads to the disease and is referred to as multifactorial development.
In multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune reaction against the myelin sheath develops. The myelin sheath insulates the nerve cells of the human body and ensures that information is passed quickly through the nerve pathways. If the myelin sheath is defective, the nerves do not send the information properly and dysfunctions occur in the body.
MS symptoms develop due to sites of demyelinated lesions or inflammation, which can occur in all fibre pathways of the central nervous system.
Symptoms of MS include:
There is currently no cure for MS. However, there are various treatment options to inhibit relapses, to keep the course symptom free and to stop the progression of the disease.
Neuropsychology makes use of remaining abilities in order to rehabilitate and/or compensate for impaired cognitive skills.
Neuropsychological therapy mainly focuses on improving:
In order to achieve this, several approaches are used, such as:
Speech and language therapy sessions mainly focus on improving speech and voice function as well as swallowing disorders.
Sessions cover a wide range of activities, including:
Our speech and language therapists can also develop alternative means of communication to help patients interact more with their family and friends.