In ophthalmology there are numerous surgical methods for the treatment of organic or functional eye diseases and for the correction of movement disorders or visual defects of the eye (referred to as ametropia, i.e. the deviation of an eye from normal vision).
Each of these methods aims to restore the patient’s vision and also requires its own instruments in principle. In almost all ophthalmological procedures, however, a device is used that keeps the eye open and the surgical area accessible to the surgeon: this is commonly known as the lid retractor.
Today, ophthalmology offers a wide range of surgical options, ranging from refractive correction (measuring the refractive power of the lens and determining the correction value so the eye can see clear and well-defined images again) to surgical treatment for eye diseases.
Some of these surgical methods are now among the most frequently performed surgical procedures in modern medicine. The main diseases and therefore surgical interventions in ophthalmology include